Super-Succinct Summary from: Transformative Assessment by W. James Popham
- Formative assessment is a planned process in which assessment-elicited evidence of students' status is used by teachers to adjust their ongoing instructional procedures or by students to adjust their current learning tactics.
- Because formative assessment has been shown to improve students' in-class learning, many educators have adopted it in the hope that it will also raise their students' performances on accountability tests.
- The expanded use of formative assessment is supported not only by instructional logic but also by the conclusions of a well-conceived and skillfully implemented meta-analysis by Paul Black and Dylan Wiliam.
Formative and Summative Assessments in the Classroom Catherine Garrison & Michael Ehringhaus
Defining Formative and Summative Assessments
The terms “formative” and “summative” do not have to be difficult, yet the definitions have become confusing in the past few years. This is especially true for formative assessment. In a balanced assessment system, both summative and formative assessments are an integral part of information gathering. Depend too much on one or the other and the reality of student achievement in your classroom becomes unclear.
Summative Assessments are given periodically to determine at a particular point in time what students know and do not know. Many associate summative assessments only with standardized tests such as state assessments, but they are also used at and are an important part of district and classroom programs. Summative assessment at the district and classroom level is an accountability measure that is generally used as part of the grading process. (Read the entire article with the link below.)
Many strategies for formative assessment on these links. These can be used at multiple grade levels, not just middle school.
Checking for Understanding -formative assessment strategies
West Virginia Dept. of Education - Examples of Formative Assessment
NCTE brief on formative assessment - good resource
Many resource links on this page.
Education Northwest - formative assessment and 6+1 traits
Figurative language in poetry and formative assessment High School - video clip - Pennsylvania State Standards Fun to watch and listen.
The following video clip is from the OregonDATAProject - training for use of Formative Assessment. Interesting clips with teachers discussion how they started using and worked to integrate F.A. into their instruction.
Grant Wiggins on "Learning from Feedback"
Formative Assessment - Documenting Evidence These are my favorite ways to document the collection of evidences from formative assessment in my classroom. (Lower Grade but good source of ideas.) The "Prezi" below is primarily for elementary but the strategies could be used at any level.
by April Guenzler on 23 April 2012
Documenting formative assessment - activities
From: Council of Chief State School Officers Copyright © 2008 by the Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC
Formative assessment is a process used by teachers and students during instruction
that provides feedback to adjust ongoing teaching and learning to improve students’
achievement of intended instructional outcomes.
The following are five attributes based on current literature that render formative assessment most
Learning Progressions: Learning progressions should clearly articulate the sub-goals of the ultimate learning goal.
Learning Goals and Criteria for Success: Learning goals and criteria for success should be clearly identified and communicated to students.
Descriptive Feedback : Students should be provided with evidence-based feedback that is linked to the intended instructional outcomes and criteria for success.
Self- and Peer-Assessment: Both self- and peer-assessment are important for providing students an opportunity to think meta-cognitively about their learning.
Collaboration: A classroom culture in which teachers and students are partners in learning should be established.
Strategies & Formative AssessmentsThis web page contains Instructional Strategies and Formative Assessments for the classroom to ensure that students access and understand the curriculum. They apply to a variety of learning levels, subject areas, and stages of a lesson.
Tracking Tools: Assess & Celebrate learning (2 min.)
The "Stoplight Method": An end-of-lesson assessment (1 min.)
In this next video clip, which is an excellent example of teaching/modeling thinking skills, identify when Sarah is using formative assessment strategies.
My Favorite No - formative assessment and instruction - a math class
Formative Assessment strategies
Daily Assessment of students with tiered exit cards - 6-12 (example is a math class)
what you assess becomes what you teach/engaging students through assessment/authentic assessment/collaborative assessment /School of The Future / NYC
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